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From scouts to balloon-busters, the emergence of air-to-air combat in World War I

 

The Origin of the Fighter Aircraft
Jon Guttman

$24.00 Paperback

  • 256 pages
  • 6 x 9.25
  • 42 b/w illus.

About this Book

Praise for The Origin of the Fighter Aircraft:

“An excellent primer of the fighter development of the First Great War. Jon Guttman covers every aspect completely and gives all the pertinent aircraft models, aces, armaments and manufacturers as the war progressed.”—Aerodrome Forum

When World War I began in August 1914, the airplane had already proven its worth as an intelligence gathering “eye-in-the-sky.” These scouting aircraft soon became indispensable to armies on both sides, and the attempt to drive enemy planes away began in earnest. Local air superiority was incorporated into battlefield strategy, and the use of aircraft to conduct offensive operations would change warfare as dramatically as the first firearms 300 years before. By the end of 1915, the basic formula of the armed scout settled on a single-seater with a machine gun synchronized to fire through its propeller blades. This heavily armed aircraft became the first true fighter plane whose primary function was to destroy enemy aircraft, whether scouts, balloons, bombers, or other fighters. A new glamorized “knight of the air” was born: the ace, a fighter pilot who brought down five or more opponents. From 1916 on, as the combatants relied on airplanes more, flying tactics and strategy—including mass formations—were developed for what would become a deadly struggle for complete air superiority. By 1918, the final year of the war, air battles could be as sprawling as those on the ground.

In The Origin of the Fighter Aircraft, historian Jon Guttman tells the engrossing story of how one of the most amazing inventions became a integral component of warfare. Balancing technical description, personalities, and battle accounts, the author demonstrates that by the end of World War I most of the fundamentals for modern aerial combat had been established.

JON GUTTMAN is a leading expert in the history of aviation. He is author of numerous publications, including SPA124 Lafayette EscadrilleSpad VII Aces of World War I, andGroupe de Combat 12, “Les Cigognes.”

 

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